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Treaty education an ongoing project in Nova Scotia 

The province is actually doing something about reconciliation in education beyond just land acknowledgements.

click to enlarge Premier Stephen McNeil, Chief Leroy Denny and Chief Robert Gloade sign a memorandum of understanding on treaty education in 2015. - NOVA SCOTIA
  • Premier Stephen McNeil, Chief Leroy Denny and Chief Robert Gloade sign a memorandum of understanding on treaty education in 2015.
  • NOVA SCOTIA

At a Halifax Regional School board meeting last June, a motion was approved to acknowledge that HRSB schools occupy unceded Mi’kmaw territory.

South Shore-Bedford board representative Jennifer Raven, who put forward the motion, also announced that the department of Education and Early Childhood Development would be introducing treaty education into the province’s education curriculum come October, to coincide with Mi’kmaq history month.

That’s not exactly accurate says Wyatt White, director of Mi’kmaq Services. October has come and gone and Mi’kmaq treaty history has yet to be fully implemented in Nova Scotian schools. The province’s commitment to do so remains a lengthy process.

The process of integrating treaty education into the curriculum is part of the education department’s multi-year “Action Plan,” developed in 2015, that promises to “include the language, history and culture of Acadians, African Nova Scotians, Gaels and Mi’kmaq, including treaty education, in the Grade primary to 12 curriculum.”

Currently, Grades 7 and 8 are undergoing this integration “revamping.” The province has already upgraded its kindergarten to Grade 5 curriculum, according to spokesperson Heather Fairbairn.

Work to revamp Grades 7 and 8 beginning this month could have been the cause of Raven’s confusion in her comments to the media back in June, suggests Fairbairn.

According to White, the department of Education and Early Childhood Development has been working with Mi’kmaq Services to streamline curriculum and develop new courses; working with Mi’kmaw Kina’matnewey and other groups to integrate treaty education in all parts of the curriculum while ensuring there’s a Mi’kmaq perspective at the table.

“The aspects of treaty education are incorporated at every grade level based on a curriculum framework for treaty education that we had developed,” says White. “These are developmentally appropriate ways to incorporate certain aspects of treaty education based on the age of the student.”

The changes in Nova Scotia’s curriculum come from the provincial department’s mandate, which focuses on “creating a more culturally-responsive education system to support inclusive student learning.”
To do so, the province is looking to the Truth and Reconciliation Calls to Action to guide it through the process.

There are 34 Calls to Action that refer to education. According to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation’s research, 10 of those 34 calls have been acted upon by the federal government.

The government of Nova Scotia, meanwhile, has started acting on nine of the possible 18 calls that the Truth and Reconciliation process puts under provincial authorities, including publishing reports on Indigenous children in custody, the creation of Mi’kmaw Family and Children’s Services and maintaining “an annual commitment to Aboriginal education issues.”

“I am confident that what emerges as the new curriculum for Grades 7 and 8 next year will have aspects of treaty education infused throughout,” says White.

“And as we work into high school, we’ll keep following the framework we’ve developed to ensure that we’re on track with the covenants of integrating treaty education from primary all the way to [Grade] 12.”

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